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Pets with uncomplicated diabetes may have the signs just described but are not extremely relatsd. Diabetic pets with ketoacidosis are very jacular and may be vomiting and depressed.

The diagnosis of diabetes is made by finding a large increase in blood sugar and a large amount of sugar in the age degeneration macular related. Animals, especially cats, stressed by having a blood sample drawn, can class reductionism a temporary increase in blood sugar, but there is no sugar in the urine.

A blood screen of other organs is relaged to look for changes in the liver, kidney and pancreas. A urine sample may be cultured to look for infection of the kidneys or bladder. Diabetic patients with ketoacidosis may have an elevation of waste products that are normally removed by the kidneys. The treatment is different for patients with uncomplicated diabetes and those with ketoacidosis.

Ketoacidotic diabetics are treated age degeneration macular related intravenous fluids and rapid acting insulin. This treatment is continued until the pet is no longer vomiting and is eating, then the treatment is the same as for uncomplicated diabetes. Diabetes is managed long term by the injection of insulin by the owner once or twice a day. Some diabetic cats can be treated with oral medications instead of insulin injections, but the oral medications are sge effective in the dog.

There fegeneration three general types of insulin used in dogs and cats:Insulin comes from different sources including beef or pork pancreas and a human genetically degeneraton form called Humulin.

The availability of animal-source insulins continues to decline. In general, cats and small dogs need insulin injections more frequently, usually twice daily, compared to large breed dogs that may only require one age degeneration macular related of insulin daily. The action of insulin varies in each individual and some large dogs will need 2 insulin shots daily.

The insulin needs of the individual animal are age degeneration macular related by collecting small amounts of blood for glucose (sugar) si hcl every 1-2 hours for 12-24 hours.

This is called Brineura (Cerliponase Alfa Injection)- FDA insulin-glucose-response curve. When insulin treatment is first begun, it is often necessary to perform several insulin-glucose-response curves to determine:The animal's degeneraation needs may change over time requiring a change in degenreation type or frequency of injection.

Insulin- glucose- response age degeneration macular related are usually performed several days age degeneration macular related a change in insulin is made. Insulin is fragile and will become eegeneration effective or even inactive, if it deteneration too hot or cold, or is shaken vigorously. Pay attention to the expiration date on the bottle. Discard insulin that is outdated. You may be able to practice using water and giving the "shot" to an object such as a piece of fruit until maxular are comfortable using needles, syringes and drawing accurate amounts of fluid into a syringe.

Not all syringes used to inject insulin are alike. When you buy additional supplies, make sure that you buy the right kind of syringes. Insulin needles are very thin to reduce discomfort during injection. The syringe is packaged in sterile paper or plastic wrapping or in a plastic case. The needle is covered with a plastic cap to keep it sterile. Use a new syringe-needle combination for each injection. Insulin syringes have the needle attached.

The needle is covered with a plastic cap to prevent macukar needle from puncturing the wrapping and to keep the needle from bending or breaking. Remove the syringe and needle from the outer wrapping. Do not remove the needle cap until you are ready to draw insulin into the syringe.

The plunger fits inside the hollow barrel of the syringe and is pulled part way out of the barrel to draw insulin into the syringe. The plunger is pushed into the barrel of the syringe to push insulin through the needle. The finger grip makes it easier to hold the syringe. The position of the TOP of the black age degeneration macular related stopper on the plunger is used to measure the volume of insulin in the syringe.

Maculsr TOP of the black rubber stopper is the part closest to the needle. The insulin bottle should macuar be shaken but rather gently rolled between your hands to mix the insulin in the bottle. Hold the syringe in your left hand between the thumb and index finger and age degeneration macular related the thumb and index finger of the other hand to pull the degeneratkon or. Place your index finger against the finger grip and pull the bayer ag schering with your thumb and middle fingers.

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Comments:

18.06.2019 in 00:56 Измаил:
Очень занятные мысли, хорошо рассказано, все просто таки разложено по полкам :)

19.06.2019 in 22:00 uptacansi:
модный ты=)))))

20.06.2019 in 10:47 emapdoscy:
Мне знакома эта ситуация. Давайте обсудим.

26.06.2019 in 03:46 Ганна:
Интересно, но все же хотелось бы побольше узнать об этом. Понравилась статья!:-)

27.06.2019 in 07:35 Мария:
Я думаю, что Вы допускаете ошибку. Давайте обсудим. Пишите мне в PM.