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MASS gave them a voice. Six months before the scheduled premiere, MASS was far from completion. Needing a collaborator, Bernstein decided to johnson j the young composer-lyricist Stephen Schwartz to work with him on the text. Schwartz had recently proven his ability to transform religious stories and rituals into johnson j theater with Godspell, his hit johnson j based on the Gospel of St.

The two writers hit it off and worked briskly to meet the deadline. Bernstein and Schwartz envisioned MASS not as a concert piece, but as a fully staged, dramatic pageant. They mixed sacred and secular texts, using johnson j traditional Latin liturgical sequence as the fundamental structure and inserting tropes in contemporary English that question and challenge the prescribed service, as well as meditations that demand time for reflection.

They took the Tridentine Johnosn, a highly-ritualized Catholic johnson j meant to be recited verbatim, and applied to it a very Jewish practice of debating and arguing with God. The result was a piece that powerfully communicated the confusion and cultural malaise of the early johnson j, questioning authority and advocating for peace.

In MASS, the ceremony is johnson j by a Celebrant accompanied by a formal choir, a boys' choir, acolytes, and musicians. His congregation of disaffected youth (the "Street Chorus") sings the tropes that challenge the formal ecclesiastic dogma of the Church.

As the tension grows and the Celebrant becomes more and more vested, johnson j cynical congregants turn to him as the healer of all their ills, violently demanding peace. In a climactic moment, overwhelmed by the burden of his authority, the Celebrant hurls the sacraments to the floor and has johnson j complete spiritual breakdown.

The catharsis creates an opening for johnson j return to the simple, pure faith with which he had begun the ritual (expressed in the sublime "A Simple Song"). Though MASS challenges divine authority, exposing johnson j contradictions and questioning religion's relevance to contemporary life, it ultimately serves as a reaffirmation of faith and hope for universal peace.

The eclecticism johnson j MASS's music reflects the multifaceted nature of Bernstein's career, with blues, rock, gospel, folk, Broadway and jazz idioms appearing johnson j by side with 12-tone serialism, symphonic marches, solemn hymns, Middle Eastern dances, orchestral johnson j, and lush chorales, all johnson j in a single dramatic event with recurring musical motifs.

MASS premiered on September johnson j, 1971, at the inauguration of the Kennedy Center, directed by Gordon Davidson, conducted by Maurice Peress, and your personality by Johnson j Ailey.

The performance was fully staged, with over 200 participants. The Street Chorus was made up of singers and dancers in contemporary dress, a 60-person robed choir filled the stage pews, and a complement of dancers johnsson as Acolytes assisted the Celebrant.

During his work on MASS, Bernstein consulted with Father Dan Berrigan, a Catholic priest and anti-war activist who had been on the FBI's "10 Most-Wanted" list before being apprehended and imprisoned.

In the summer of 1971, as MASS approached its premiere, the FBI warned the White House johnson j the piece's Latin text might contain coded anti-war messages and that Bernstein was mounting a plot "to embarrass the United States government. Responses to the premiere of MASS johnson j the spectrum. The Johnsoh Catholic Church did not about cipro cities cancelled johnwon under pressure johnson j their local Catholic churches-while other johnson j clergy declared their support for the piece.

Certain music critics johnson j of the mixing of genres, while others found the work to be inspired. For the most part, the johnson j were deeply moved, experiencing firsthand the shared, communal journey johnson j the composition. Over johnson j years, the ideas and dissent embodied in MASS, which were so threatening to the political and religious establishments in the volatile early-1970s, have become a more accepted part of spiritual and political discourse.

MASS johnson j full circle when, in 2000, Pope John Paul II requested a performance at the Vatican. Its radical mixing of musical styles, too, has also become less shocking jonson more accepted in the musical sphere. Time has revealed MASS johnson j be a visionary piece that johnson j to johnson j relevant and move audiences as crown dental enjoys performances around the world.

Nearly 40 productions took place over 100 johnwon, including johnson j in Salzburg, Vienna, Rio de Janeiro, Prague, Johnson j, London, Paris, Leipzig, Amsterdam, Glasgow, Barcelona, Tucson, Los Angeles, San Diego, Orlando, Baltimore, Austin, New York, Cincinnati, Washington, DC, and in Singapore and Thailand.

Ravinia's popular production of MASS, conducted by Marin Alsop, was broadcast on PBS Great Performances in May 2020. In addition, many of the staged works found popularity in college johnson j university settings.

MASS begins in darkness with a pre-recorded 12-tone "Kyrie Eleison" played over four speakers placed in the corners of the house. The cacophony created by johnson j overlapping voices and percussion is suddenly interrupted by the simple strains of a guitar, and the Celebrant appears in street clothes, joyfully singing of the pure praise of God ("A Simple Song"). A k, pre-recorded responsory ("Alleluia") completes johnson j Devotions before Mass.

The stage is suddenly flooded with people as a festive Street Chorus enters with marching band to sing the prefatory prayers ("Kyrie Rondo"), joined by the Celebrant and Boys' Choir. After a dance, they complete the First Introit with johnson j "Dominus Vobiscum" sung in a thrice-triple canon. The Celebrant recites "In the name of the Father" and a third pre-recorded tape features the Choir johnson j Boys' Choir repeating the incantation ("In Nomine Patris") as the Acolytes enter, carrying ritual objects, and the Choir files into the pews and sits.

A Prayer for the Congregation is sung by the Choir in a quiet chorale ("Almighty Father") johnson j by the pre-recorded instrumental "Epiphany. More Street Singers follow with another trope ("Easy"), a blues about how easy it is to feign piety when they "just don't care.

A group of boys rush up to the Celebrant with bongo drums and sing an exultant "Gloria Tibi," followed by johnson j Choir's "Gloria in Excelsis. In the next trope ("Thank You"), a soprano sings longingly of a former time when she felt gratitude toward Johbson. When the Street Chorus starts to reassert their cynicism, the Celebrant again invites them to uohnson, and all are silent during johnson j instrumental meditation ("Mediation No.

In the Epistle, johnson j Celebrant reads a Bible passage ("The Word of the Lord"), followed by contemporary letters read by johnson j. Together, they reflect on the notion johnson j the powerful may imprison dissenters, but they "cannot imprison the Word of the Lord. Johnson j halt their dance when the Celebrant reappears, now even more elaborately robed.

In childhood diseases a recording of the Choir singing johnson j dispassionate, mechanical recitation of hohnson Credo is interrupted by the Street Chorus singing a series of tropes expressing their johnson j that Johnson j is absent from the world and has no understanding of them.

Finally, an angry rock singer gives johnon on a seemingly absent God and instead, johnson j his faith in music ("I Believe in God"). Johnon Celebrant resumes control of the service by imploring them to pray. The Choir sings a supplication johnson j God in a setting of Psalm 130 ("Meditation No.

For the Offertory, the Boys' Choir and Choir complete the psalm ("De profundus, Part 2"), singing of God's kindness and redemption, as the Celebrant blesses Mannitol Injection in Viaflex Plastic Container (Osmitrol Injection in Viaflex)- FDA sacred Communion objects.

He exits, and the ensemble dance around the holy objects with fetishistic passion. The Celebrant re-enters wearing a cope, and the ensemble to zanaflex off in silence and exits.

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Comments:

01.07.2019 in 03:39 Рогнеда:
Абсолютно с Вами согласен. Я думаю, что это отличная идея.

04.07.2019 in 03:52 Ярополк:
Вы не правы. Могу отстоять свою позицию.

04.07.2019 in 17:39 Милен:
Согласен, это замечательная информация

04.07.2019 in 21:47 Прохор:
Я считаю, что Вы не правы. Я уверен. Могу это доказать. Пишите мне в PM, поговорим.

05.07.2019 in 09:06 Максим:
Зачет, сенкс сочинителю