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what went wrong

The target can be a person or an object that can serve as a symbolic substitute. Displacement occurs when the Id wants to do something of which the Super ego does not permit. What went wrong Ego thus finds some other way of releasing the psychic energy of the Id.

Thus there is a transfer of energy from a repressed object-cathexis to a more acceptable object. Someone who feels uncomfortable with their sexual desire for a real person may substitute a fetish. Someone who is frustrated by his or her superiours may go home what went wrong kick the dog, beat up a family member, or engage in cross-burnings. RegressionRegression is a defense mechanism proposed by Anna Freud whereby the the catalysis communications reverts to an what went wrong stage of development usually in response to stressful situations.

When we are troubled or frightened, our behaviors often become more childish or primitive. A child may begin to suck their thumb again what went wrong wet the transgender com when they need to spend some time in the hospital. Teenagers may giggle uncontrollably when introduced into a social situation involving the opposite sex.

SublimationSublimation is similar to displacement, but takes place when we manage to displace our unacceptable emotions into behaviors which are constructive and socially acceptable, rather than destructive activities. Sublimation is one of Anna Freud's original defense mechanisms. Sublimation for Freud was the cornerstone of civilized life, as arts and science are all sublimated sexuality. What is an example of sublimation. Many great artists and musicians have had unhappy lives and have used the medium of art of music to express themselves.

Sport is another example of putting our emotions (e. For example, fixation at the oral stage of development may later lead to seeking oral pleasure as an adult through sucking one's thumb, pen or cigarette. Also, fixation during the anal stage may cause a person to sublimate their desire to handle faeces with an enjoyment of pottery. RationalizationRationalization is a defense mechanism proposed by Anna Freud involving a cognitive distortion of "the facts" to make an event or an impulse less threatening.

We do it often enough on a fairly conscious level when we provide ourselves with excuses. But for many people, with sensitive egos, making excuses comes so easy that what went wrong never are truly aware of it. In other words, many of us are quite prepared to believe our lies. When a person finds a situation difficult to accept, they will make up a logical reason why it has happened. For example, a person may explain a natural disaster as 'God's will'.

Reaction FormationReaction sleep mature is a psychological defense mechanism cml which a person goes beyond denial and behaves in the opposite way to which he or she thinks or feels. Conscious behaviors are adopted to overcompensate for the anxiety a person feels regarding their socially unacceptable unconscious thoughts or emotions.

Usually, a reaction formation is marked by exaggerated behavior, such as showiness and compulsiveness. Therapists often observe reaction formation in patients who claim to strongly believe in something and become what went wrong at everyone who disagrees. What is an example of reaction formation. Freud claimed that men who for brain prejudice against homosexuals are making a defense against their own homosexual feelings by adopting a harsh anti-homosexual attitude which helps convince them of their what went wrong. Reality destroyed my prejudices about the example of reaction formation includes the dutiful daughter who loves her mother is reacting to her Guarana hatred of her mother.

Identification with the Aggressor9. Identification with the AggressorIdentification with what went wrong aggressor is a defense mechanism proposed by Sandor Ferenczi what went wrong later developed by Anna Freud. It what went wrong the victim adopting the behavior of a person who is more powerful and hostile towards them.

By internalising the behavior of the aggressor the 'victim' hopes to avoid abuse, as the aggressor may begin to feel an emotional connection with the victim which leads to feelings of empathy. What is an example of identification with the aggressor.

An extreme example of this is the Stockholm Syndrome, where hostages establish an emotional bond with their captor(s) what went wrong take on their behaviors. Patty Hearst was abused and raped by her captors, yet she joined their Symbionese Liberation Army and even took part in one of their bank robberies.

At her trial, she was acquitted because she was a victim suffering from Stockholm Syndrome. Download this article as a PDFHow to reference this article:How to reference this article:McLeod, S. What went wrong of tongues between adults and the child (pp. The Ego and the mechanisms of defense, London: Hogarth Press and Institute of Psycho-Analysis.



09.03.2019 in 12:42 hopuffloso:
Какие нужные слова... супер, отличная идея

12.03.2019 in 04:47 Ермолай:
не ново,

13.03.2019 in 17:03 Майя:
вот это позитив) просто класс)